Exploring the Historic Shirley Windmill in Croydon, UK


Croydon, a bustling town located in South London, is home to many historical landmarks and attractions. Among them is the picturesque Shirley Windmill, a magnificent structure that stands as a testament to the town’s rich heritage. In this blog post, we will delve into the fascinating history of the Shirley Windmill, its significance, and its enduring charm.


A Brief History

The Shirley Windmill is an iconic landmark that has stood proudly in Croydon since its construction in 1854. It was designed by Richard Alwen, a renowned millwright, and was built to replace an earlier windmill that had been destroyed by fire. With its striking white exterior and towering presence, the windmill quickly became a beloved symbol of the town.


The Function of the Windmill

In its heyday, the Shirley Windmill served an important purpose in the local community. It was primarily used to grind corn into flour, providing a vital service to the surrounding area. The mill’s sails, which are a distinctive feature, would catch the wind and power the machinery inside, allowing the milling process to take place. This traditional method of grinding grain was a cornerstone of the British agricultural industry for centuries.


Restoration and Preservation

Over the years, the Shirley Windmill fell into disrepair and faced the threat of demolition. However, thanks to the efforts of local residents and conservation groups, the windmill was saved and underwent a meticulous restoration process. The restoration project, completed in 2016, aimed to preserve the windmill’s original features and bring it back to its former glory.


Architectural Features

The Shirley Windmill’s architecture is a sight to behold. The structure stands at an impressive height of 15.5 meters and features four sails, each around 8 meters in length. Its white exterior, made of weatherboard cladding, contrasts beautifully against the greenery of the surrounding landscape. Inside, visitors can explore the mill’s machinery and learn about the intricacies of its operation.


Visitors and Tours

Today, the Shirley Windmill welcomes visitors from near and far who are eager to experience a piece of Croydon’s history. Guided tours are available, allowing visitors to learn about the windmill’s fascinating past and the role it played in the local community. It also offers a unique opportunity to witness the impressive machinery in action and gain insight into the milling process.


The Shirley Windmill Trust

The Shirley Windmill Trust, a charitable organisation, oversees the management and maintenance of the windmill. Their dedicated team of volunteers works tirelessly to ensure the windmill remains in excellent condition and that visitors have a memorable experience. The trust also organises events and educational activities, further promoting an appreciation for the windmill’s cultural and historical significance.



The Shirley Windmill stands as a proud symbol of Croydon’s heritage and serves as a reminder of the town’s rich history. Its striking architecture, combined with its functional purpose, makes it a unique attraction that attracts visitors from all walks of life. As we explore and appreciate the windmill’s beauty, we acknowledge the importance of preserving such landmarks for future generations to enjoy and learn from.